Every investor is eagerly awaiting the moment when the walls of his home appear. The installation of indoor and outdoor construction walls and laying of chimneys are the most important steps of the construction. The final effect depends on each element: the quality of the material used for making walls, plaster and fabrication quality. Every mistake, sooner or later, becomes a problem.
Most of the newly built houses come with brick technology. Wood houses are always the margin of total investment. This follows the tradition of construction as well as the availability of certain technologies and the ability to perform various jobs that reduce costs. Concrete and opaque walls must be firm, soundproof, hot and cold weather resistant due to different weather conditions. There are currently several basic types of wall building materials that you can obtain from the building materials importer to get a better deal.
Bricks and clay tiles are the most traditional materials. The most commonly used blocks give a thickness of 19 to 29 centimeters. “Ceramic Porous” is a special kind of ceramic, which is formed in the same way as traditional, but by the addition of sausage during cooking, microscopic pores are formed.
Plastered concrete blocks are hot and light. They also contain air bubbles. Plastered concrete can be present in different densities, ranging from 350 to 700 kg per cubic meter. It is used for building single or double walls.
Ceramic concrete blocks are made with the addition of ceramic aggregates in the form of porous beads, which are made by sintering expanded clay.
Silicate, limestone blocks are used only for dimensioning of double bearing walls.
Each of these building materials has different properties. Warm walls are erected by porous bricks, aggregates of expanded clay and cellular concrete, which, even without heating, provide good heat insulation. Silicates provide a favorable climate inside the building due to its ability to absorb moisture and place it in dry air. The more the material is, the better the sound insulation. The best choice here is traditional ceramics and silicate, and the worst is carbonated concrete.
Mortars are not only used for joining the elements, but also allow even layer spacing, so the weight is evenly distributed. Cement mortars are most commonly used because they are waterproof, frost-proof and have high compressive strength. It is known that cement lime mortars increase ductility and high insulation factor. They are mainly used for building single-walled walls.
It is most important to set the corners and set the horizontal line using the string. In the 2.5 cm layer plaster used to correct the level, the first layer of elements is placed. The next layer must match the marked layers. Vertical joints of two consecutive layers must be properly separated, which strengthens the wall and gives the desired stiffness. The upper surface of the door or window opening must have a concrete lining that carries the load from the upper layers of the wall.